Jul 30, 2012

Chronic Diseases - Types of Chronic Illnesses

Human body - disorders
There are many types of chronic illnesses that one can have within their lifetime. Studies show that 1 in 5 Canadians suffer from some form of chronic disease. The risks increase the older you get. This journal is here to help those individuals understand the risks involved with chronic illnesses. Below you'll find a full list of health conditions anyone can get at any time.

Angina  (an-JI-nuh or AN-juh-nuh) is chest pain which caused due to restriction in blood vessels that fail to deliver enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart.

Is a condition that affect joints from the tissue surrounding the joints preventing normal movement and inflicting pain to the individual with arthritis. A person can have mild or chronic arthritis limiting ones ability to perform every day tasks.

Asthma is a chronic illness which affects children and adults. No one is ammune to this condition which can affect a person at any time of their life. Asthma is known as coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain and wheezing. A person can have an asthma attack from exerting too much energy at one given time, preventing a persons ability to breath properly.

Bipolar Disorder
Also known as "manic depression", this disorder is actually a chemical imbalance of the neurotransmitters in the brain. This affects a persons ability to reason and maintain a health mood. Many people categorized as bipolar show signs of mood swings due to; stress, work, family, environment, injury and other illnesses.

This disease affects millions of people world wide. There are many forms of cancer, which affects health cells in the tissue and will kill the surrounding cells one by one. Around 75,000 Canadians will die from Cancer every year.

  • Breast Cancer
  • Cervical Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Skin Cancer

Cardiovascular Disease
Caidiovascular refers to multiple diseases which affect blood related systems including the heart and blood vessels throughout the body. There are six types of cardiovascular diseases;

  1. Ischemic Heart Disease
  2. Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)
  3. Peripheral Vascular Disease
  4. Heart Failure
  5. Rheumatic Heart Disease
  6. Congenital Heart Disease

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (Myalgic Encephalomyelitis)
Refers to extreme uninterupted tiredness which is not releaved from proper sleep. People suffering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome are always tired no matter what time of the day.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
This is a chronic disease caused by shortness of breath, coughing and sputum production. Most individuals don't notices any systems prior to the age of 55 and the main cause is smoking.

Most of us at one point in our lives have suffered from some form of drepression. Depression affects all of us differently and can be the cause of suicide. Depression is normally suffered alone, without anyone else knowing the person is "depressed".

Diabetes is a condition which is characterized as the inability to produce and use insulin. There are different forms of diabetes including; Type 1 & Type 2.

Heart Attack
This chronic condition comes from the blockage of an artery in the heart. A blockage is due to a blood clot within the blood vessels which has dislodged and moved into the heart preventing proper blood flow.

Hypertension or "high blood pressure" is caused the force of blood against the walls of blood vessels as it circulates within out body.

Mental Illness
Mental illness affects millions of Canadian each year. Some form of mental ilnesses include;

  • Mood Disorders (depression, bipolar)
  • Schizophrenia
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
  • Eating Disorders
  • Gambling
  • Substance Abuse

Multiple Sclerosis
This disease affects the central nervous system (brain & spinal chord). This disease goes after the myelin, a protective covering around the nerves of the central nervous system. It's estimated that over 50,000-75,000 have MS in Canada.

Muscular Dystrophy
this disorder affects the muscles in the human body. People with muscular dystrophy do not have the ability to regerate their muscles, eventually affecting every system preventing an individual from walking and growing stronger. Most individuals with muscular dystrophy do not live past 20 years old.

Osteoporosis affects the bones making them brittle due to low bone density and a risk of fracture. Osteoporosis affects more women than men.

Sleep Apnea
This disorder causes you to stop breathing while sleeping. Breating stops for about 10-30 seconds at a time, ultimately affecting an individuals ability to sleep properly at night, also preventing the needed "REM" sleep to induce healing within the body.

In Conclusion:

These are only some* of the chronic disorders Canadians suffer from every day. Many of these disorders are preventable through healthy eating, sleeping, excersize, counselling and companionship.

If you or someone you know suffers from any of these conditions, please feel free to contact me below for a personalized interview that helps readers to better understand these conditions.

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Thank you for visiting!

Martin Robillard Lemieux
Editor & Author

Martin Lemieux

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